Cochrane Style Manual
Books, monographs, theses, dissertations

In this section: With personal author(s) | With editor(s), compiler as author | With organization as author and publisher | Chapter in an edited book | Dissertation or thesis

For books published in the USA or Canada follow the city of publication with the two-letter abbreviation for the state or province.  For books published in other countries, follow the city of publication with the name of the country.  Use the anglicized form of city names, e.g. 'Vienna' not 'Wien'.  For more information about place names see Citing Medicine: General rules for place of publication

If a book has been assigned an International Standard Book Number (ISBN) that number may be inserted into the ‘Other ID’ field. Begin with 'ISBN' followed by a space then the number, ignoring all hyphens in the number, e.g. 'ISBN 9780071463898'.

With personal author(s)

Example: Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports Injuries and Their Treatment. 2nd edition. London (UK): Stanley Paul, 1986.

Reference type Book
Authors Colson JH, Armour WJ
Journal/book/source Sports Injuries and Their Treatment
Date of publication 1986
Edition 2nd
Publisher name Stanley Paul
City of publication London (UK)

With editor(s), compiler as author

Example: Diener HC, Wilkinson M, editor(s). Drug Induced Headache. New York (NY): Springer-Verlag, 1988.

Reference type Book
Authors Diener HC, Wilkinson M, editor(s)
Journal/book/source Drug-Induced Headache
Date of publication 1988
Publisher name Springer-Verlag
City of publication New York (NY)

With organization as author and publisher

Example: Virginia Law Foundation. The Medical and Legal Implications of AIDS. Charlottesville (VA): The Foundation, 1987.

Reference type Book
Authors Virginia Law Foundation
Journal/book/source The Medical and Legal Implications of AIDS
Date of publication 1987
Publisher name The Foundation
City of publication Charlottesville (VA)

Chapter in an edited book

Example: Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathologic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA, editor(s). Pathologic Physiology: Mechanisms of Disease. 5th edition. Philadelphia (PA): Saunders, 1974:457-72.

Reference type Section of book
Authors Weinstein L, Swartz MN
English title Pathologic properties of invading microorganisms
Journal/book/source Pathologic Physiology: Mechanisms of Disease
Date of publication 1974
Edition 5th
Pages 457-72
Editor(s) Sodeman WA Jr, Sodeman WA
Publisher name Saunders
City of publication Philadelphia (PA)

Dissertation or thesis

Example: Hayden C. Towards an Understanding of the Role of Cranial Osteopathy in the Treatment of Infantile Colic [Masters thesis]. Maidstone (UK): European School of Osteopathy, 2007.

Reference type Book
Authors Hayden C
Journal/book/source Towards an Understanding of the Role of Cranial Osteopathy in the Treatment of Infantile Colic [Masters thesis]
Date of publication 2007
Publisher name European School of Osteopathy
City of publication Maidstone (UK)