Cochrane Style Manual
Journal articles

In this section: Standard | Both personal authors and an organization as an author | Organization as an author | No named author | Not in English | In volume with supplement | In issue with supplement | In volume with part | In issue with part | In issue with no volume | In press | Electronic publication ahead of print

Standard

Example with page numbers: Osrin D, Vaidya A, Shrestha Y, Baniya RB, Manandhar DS, Adhikari RK, et al. Effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on birthweight and gestational duration in Nepal: double-blind, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2005;365(9463):955-62.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Osrin D, Vaidya A, Shrestha Y, Baniya RB, Manandhar DS, Adhikari RK, et al
English title Effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on birthweight and gestational duration in Nepal: double-blind, randomised controlled trial
Journal/book/source Lancet
Date of publication 2005
Volume 365
Issue 9463
Pages 955-62

 

Example with article number: Chadwick G, Varagunam M, Brand C, Riley SA, Maynard N, Crosby T, et al. Coding of Barrett’s oesophagus with high-grade dysplasia in national administrative databases: a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e014281.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Chadwick G, Varagunam M, Brand C, Riley SA, Maynard N, Crosby T, et al
English title Coding of Barrett’s oesophagus with high-grade dysplasia in national administrative databases: a population-based cohort study
Journal/book/source BMJ Open
Date of publication 2017
Volume 7
Issue  
Pages e014281

Both personal authors and an organization as an author

Example: Brodie MJ, Perucca E, Ryvlin P, Ben-Menachem E, Meencke HJ; Levetiracetam Monotherapy Study Group. Comparison of levetiracetam and controlled-release carbamazepine in newly diagnosed epilepsy. Neurology 2007;68(6):402-8.

Reference type Journal article
Authors

Brodie MJ, Perucca E, Ryvlin P, Ben-Menachem E, Meencke HJ; Levetiracetam Monotherapy Study Group

Note: organization separated from authors by a semi-colon

English title Comparison of levetiracetam and controlled-release carbamazepine in newly diagnosed epilepsy
Journal/book/source Neurology
Date of publication 2007
Volume 68
Issue 6
Pages 402-8

Organization as an author

Example: GRADE Working Group. Grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ 2004; 328:1490-4.

Reference type Journal article
Authors GRADE Working Group
English title Grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations
Journal/book/source BMJ
Date of publication 2004
Volume 328
Issue  
Pages 1490-4

No named author

Example: Naltrexone: new preparation. Transient preventive efficacy on alcoholic relapse. Prescrire International 1999;8(39):9-11.

Reference type Journal article
English title Naltrexone: new preparation. Transient preventive efficacy on alcoholic relapse
Journal/book/source Prescrire International
Date of publication 1999
Volume 8
Issue 39
Pages 9-11

Not in English

Example: Abadie V, Depondt E, Bresson JL, Vidailhet M. Recommended dietary allowances for pregnant women affected with phenylketonuria [Recommandations diététiques pour les femmes enceintes atteintes de phénylcétonurie]. Archives de Pédiatrie 2001;8(4):397-406.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Abadie V, Depondt E, Bresson JL, Vidailhet M
English title

Recommended dietary allowances for pregnant women affected with phenylketonuria

Note: leave this section blank if an English translation is not available.

Note: do not include the language of the original article at the end of the title.

Original title Recommandations diététiques pour les femmes enceintes atteintes de phénylcétonurie
Journal/book/source Archives de Pédiatrie
Date of publication 2001
Volume 8
Issue 4
Pages 397-406

Example: Jia CL, Jiang GS, Yang XX, Dou HQ, Li CR. Effects on Helicobacter pylori reinfection in gastric mucosa by two oral plaque control methods. Huaxi Kongqiang Yixue Zazhi [West China Journal of Stomatology] 2009;27(2):172-4.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Jia CL, Jiang GS, Yang XX, Dou HQ, Li CR
English title

Effects on Helicobacter pylori reinfection in gastric mucosa by two oral plaque control methods.

Note: do not include the language of the original article at the end of the title.

Original title

Note: leave this section blank if the original title is not available.

Journal/book/source Huaxi Kongqiang Yixue Zazhi [West China Journal of Stomatology]
Date of publication 2009
Volume 27
Issue 2
Pages 172-4

In volume with supplement

Example: Bowman CM. The long-term use of inhaled tobramycin in patients with cystic fibrosis. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis 2002; 1 Suppl 2:194-8.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Bowman CM
English title The long-term use of inhaled tobramycin in patients with cystic fibrosis
Journal/book/source Journal of Cystic Fibrosis
Date of publication 2002
Volume 1 Suppl 2
Pages 194-8

In issue with supplement

Example: Oertel J, Gaab MR, Runge U, Schroeder HW, Piek J. Waterjet dissection versus ultrasonic aspiration in epilepsy surgery. Neurology 2005;56(1 Suppl 1):142-6.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Oertel J, Gaab MR, Runge U, Schroeder HW, Piek J
English title Waterjet dissection versus ultrasonic aspiration in epilepsy surgery
Journal/book/source Neurosurgery
Date of publication 2005
Volume 56
Issue 1 Suppl 1
Pages 142-6

In volume with part

Example: Hanly C. Metaphysics and innateness: a psycho-analytic perspective. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 1988;69(Pt 3):389-99.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Hanly C
English title Metaphysics and innateness: a psycho-analytic perspective
Journal/book/source International Journal of Psychoanalysis
Date of publication 1988
Volume 69
Issue Pt 3
Pages 389-99

In issue with part

Example: Edwards L, Meyskens F, Levine N. Effect of oral iso-tretinoin on dysplastic nevi. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 1989;20(2 Pt 1):257-60.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Edwards L, Meyskens F, Levine N
English title Effect of oral iso-tretinoin on dysplastic nevi
Journal/book/source Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Date of publication 1989
Volume 20
Issue 2 Pt 1
Pages 257-60

In issue with no volume

Example: Panjwani U, Selvamurthy W, Singh SH, Gupta HL, Thakur L, Rai UC. Effect of Sahaja yoga practice on seizure control & EEG changes in patients of epilepsy. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1996;(103):165-72.

Reference type Journal article
Authors Panjwani U, Selvamurthy W, Singh SH, Gupta HL, Thakur L, Rai UC
English title Effect of Sahaja yoga practice on seizure control & EEG changes in patients of epilepsy
Journal/book/source Indian Journal of Medical Research
Date of publication 1996
Issue 103
Pages 165-72

In press

Example: Johnson AB, Smith CD. A review of treatments for chronic disorders. Journal of Medicine (in press).

Reference type Other
Authors Johnson AB, Smith CD
English title A review of treatments for chronic disorders
Journal/book/source Journal of Medicine
Date of publication (in press)

Electronic publication ahead of print

Example: Feldman RD, Zou GY, Vandervoort MK, Wong CJ, Nelson SA, Feagan BG. A simplified approach to the treatment of uncomplicated hypertension. A cluster randomized, controlled trial. Hypertension 2009 Feb 23 [Epub ahead of print]. [DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.123455]

Reference type Other
Authors Feldman RD, Zou GY, Vandervoort MK, Wong CJ, Nelson SA, Feagan BG
English title A simplified approach to the treatment of uncomplicated hypertension. A cluster randomized, controlled trial.
Journal/book/source Hypertension
Date of publication 2009 Feb 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Identifier: DOI

10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.123455

Note: it is highly desirable to have a DOI for e-publications.

Section info
Contact
John Hilton (jhilton@cochrane.org)
Describe change
Added example of a journal article with an article ID rather than page numbers.
Change date
15 June 2017