Cochrane Style Manual
Cochrane publications

In this section: Protocol | Cochrane Review | Comment on a Cochrane Review | Registered title | Editorial | Handbooks | Handbook chapter | Cochrane Editorial and Publishing Policy Resource | Cochrane Style Manual

Protocol for a Cochrane Review

Example: Ranganathan LN, Ramaratnam S. Zonisamide monotherapy for epilepsy [Protocol]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD006789. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006789.

Reference type Cochrane Protocol
Authors Ranganathan LN, Ramaratnam S
English title Zonisamide monotherapy for epilepsy

Note: do not add the word '[Protocol]' because the software enters this automatically.

Journal/book/source Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Date of publication 2007
Issue 4
Identifier - DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD006789

Note: the CD number is included in the DOI and does not need to be repeated.

Cochrane Review

Example: Herbert RD, de Noronha M, Kamper SJ. Stretching to prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 7. CD004577. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004577.pub3.

Reference type Cochrane Review
Authors Herbert RD, de Noronha M, Kamper SJ
English title Stretching to prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise
Journal/book/source Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Date of publication 2011
Issue 7
Identifier - DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD004577.pub3

Note: the CD number is included in the DOI and does not need to be repeated.

 

Comment on a Cochrane Review, Protocol or Editorial

All published comments on articles in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews have a unique URL that can be used to cite the comment. The comment URL can be found by accessing the full text of the comment on the Cochrane Library and then copying the URL that is displayed by the browser.

Example: Cosmi E, Belli P, Montisci M. Comment on: Fundal pressure during the second stage of labour. 12 March 2018. www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006067.pub3/detailed-comment/en?messageId=167119701

Reference type Correspondence
Authors Cosmi E, Belli P, Montisci M
English title Comment on: Fundal pressure during the second stage of labour
Journal/book/source www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006067.pub3/detailed-comment/en?messageId=167119701
Date of Publication 12 March 2018

 

Registered title

Example: Teoh A. Anti-fibrotic therapies for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other fibrotic interstitial lung diseases [title]. www.cochrane.org/title/anti-fibrotic-therapies-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-other-fibrotic-interstitial-lung-diseases. Registered on 11 January 2019.

Reference ID Teoh 2019
Reference type Other
Authors Teoh A
English title Anti-fibrotic therapies for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other fibrotic interstitial lung diseases [title]
Journal/book/source www.cochrane.org/title/anti-fibrotic-therapies-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-other-fibrotic-interstitial-lung-diseases
Date of publication Registered on 11 January 2019

 

Editorial

Editorials published on the Cochrane Library are part of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Example: Moons KG, Hooft L, Williams K, Hayden JA, Damen JA, Riley RD. Implementing systematic reviews of prognosis studies in Cochrane [Editorial]. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD006789. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006789.

Reference type Cochrane review
Authors Moons KG, Hooft L, Williams K, Hayden JA, Damen JA, Riley RD
English title Implementing systematic reviews of prognosis studies in Cochrane [Editorial]
Journal/book/source Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Date of publication 2018
Issue 10
Identifier - DOI 10.1002/14651858.ED000129

Note: the ED number is included in the DOI and does not need to be repeated.

 

Handbooks

NOTE: it is expected that a full new version of the Cochrane Handbook for Sytematic Reviews of Interventions (version 6) will be published in book form and online in the autumn of 2019, and this page will be updated accordingly then.  In the meantime, if authors cite the whole Handbook, they should cite the 2011 online version, or in very rare situations, the 2008 book, examples of which are shown below.

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions online version 2011

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from handbook.cochrane.org.

 

Reference type Other
Authors Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s)
English title Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011
Journal/book/source Available from handbook.cochrane.org

 

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions book version 2008

Note: the book version of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions has been replaced by a more current version online. We are keeping the book version in the style manual for historical reasons, but make sure to cite the version used.

Example: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

Reference type Book
Authors Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s)
English title Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions
Date of publication 2008
Publisher name John Wiley & Sons
City of publication Chichester (UK)

Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: Deeks JJ, Bossuyt PM, Gatsonis C, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Version 1.0.0. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2013. Available from srdta.cochrane.org.

Reference type Other
Authors Deeks JJ, Bossuyt PM, Gatsonis C, editor(s)
English title Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Version 1.0.0. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2013
Journal/book/source Available from srdta.cochrane.org

GRADE Handbook

Example: Schünemann H, Brożek J, Guyatt G, Oxman A, editor(s). Handbook for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations using the GRADE approach (updated October 2013). GRADE Working Group, 2013. Available from gdt.guidelinedevelopment.org/app/handbook/handbook.html

Reference type Other
Authors Schünemann H, Brożek J, Guyatt G, Oxman A, editor(s)
English title Handbook for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations using the GRADE approach (updated October 2013). GRADE Working Group, 2013
Journal/book/source Available from gdt.guidelinedevelopment.org/app/handbook/handbook.html

Handbook chapters

NOTE: it is expected that a full new version of the Cochrane Handbook for Sytematic Reviews of Interventions (version 6) will be published in book form and online in the autumn of 2019, and this page will be updated accordingly then.  In the meantime, if authors cite individual chapters of the Handbook, they should check whether or not they were updated in 2017, and then cite using the appropriate 2017 or 2011 format shown below.  In very rare situations individual chapters of the 2008 book may be cited, an example is shown below.

Updated in 2017: Chapter of the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions with authors: online version

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Higgins JP, Vist GE, Glasziou P, Akl E, et al; on behalf of the Cochrane GRADEing Methods Group and the Cochrane Statistical Methods Group. Chapter 11: Completing ‘Summary of findings’ tables and grading the confidence in or quality of the evidence. In: Higgins JP, Churchill R, Chandler J, Cumpston MS, editor(s), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 5.2.0 (updated June 2017). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017. Available from www.training.cochrane.org/handbook.

Reference type Other
Authors Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Higgins JP, Vist GE, Glasziou P, Akl E, et al; on behalf of the Cochrane GRADEing Methods Group and the Cochrane Statistical Methods Group
English title Chapter 11: Completing ‘Summary of findings’ tables and grading the confidence in or quality of the evidence. In: Higgins JP, Churchill R, Chandler J, Cumpston MS, editor(s), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 5.2.0 (updated June 2017). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017
Journal/book/source Available from www.training.cochrane.org/handbook

Updated in 2011: Chapter of the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions with authors: online version

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: Lefebvre C, Manheimer E, Glanville J. Chapter 6: Searching for studies. In: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from handbook.cochrane.org.

Reference type Other
Authors Lefebvre C, Manheimer E, Glanville J
English title Chapter 6: Searching for studies. In: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011
Journal/book/source Available from handbook.cochrane.org

Chapter of the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions with authors: book version

Note: the book version of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions has been replaced by a more current version online. We are keeping the book version in the style guide for historical reasons, but make sure to cite the version used.

Example: Lefebvre C, Manheimer E, Glanville J. Chapter 6: Searching for studies. In: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons, 2008:95-150.

Reference type Section of book
Authors Lefebvre C, Manheimer E, Glanville J
English title Chapter 6: Searching for studies
Journal/book/source Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions
Date of publication 2008
Pages 95-150
Editor(s) Higgins JP, Green S
Publisher name John Wiley & Sons
City of publication Chichester (UK)

Updated in 2017: Chapter of Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions with editors: online version

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: Higgins JP, Altman DG, Sterne JA, editor(s). Chapter 8: Assessing risk of bias in included studies. In: Higgins JP, Churchill R, Chandler J, Cumpston MS, editor(s), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 5.2.0 (updated June 2017). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017. Available from www.training.cochrane.org/handbook.

Reference type Other
Authors Higgins JP, Altman DG, Sterne JA, editor(s)
English title Chapter 8: Assessing risk of bias in included studies. In: Higgins JP, Churchill R, Chandler J, Cumpston MS, editor(s), Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 5.2.0 (updated June 2017). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2017
Journal/book/source Available from www.training.cochrane.org/handbook

Updated in 2011: Chapter of Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions with editors: online version

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: O’Connor D, Green S, Higgins JP, editor(s). Chapter 5: Defining the review question and developing criteria for including studies. In: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from handbook.cochrane.org.

Reference type Other
Authors O’Connor D, Green S, Higgins JP, editor(s)
English title Chapter 5: Defining the review question and developing criteria for including studies. In: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011
Journal/book/source Available from handbook.cochrane.org

Chapter of Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions with editors: book version

Note: the book version of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions has been replaced by a more current version online. We are keeping the book version in the style manual for historical reasons, but make sure to cite the version used.

Example: O'Connor D, Green S, Higgins JP, editor(s). Defining the review question and developing criteria for including studies. In: Higgins JP, Green S, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons, 2008:83-94.

Reference type Other
Authors O’Connor D, Green S, Higgins JP, editor(s)
English title Chapter 5: Defining the review question and developing criteria for including studies
Journal/book/source Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions
Date of publication 2008
Pages 84-94
Editor(s) Higgins JP, Green S
Publisher name John Wiley & Sons
City of publication Chichester (UK)

Chapter of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy

Note: make sure to use the reference type 'Other', and not 'Book' or 'Section of book'.

Example: Deeks JJ, Wisniewski S, Davenport C, editor(s). Chapter 4: Guide to the contents of a Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy Protocol. In: Deeks JJ, Bossuyt PM, Gatsonis C, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Version 1.1. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2013. Available from methods.cochrane.org/sdt/handbook-dta-reviews.

Reference type Other
Authors Deeks JJ, Wisniewski S, Davenport C, editor(s)
English title Chapter 4: Guide to the contents of a Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy Protocol. In: Deeks JJ, Bossuyt PM, Gatsonis C, editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Version 1.1. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2013
Journal/book/source Available from methods.cochrane.org/sdt/handbook-dta-reviews

 

Cochrane Editorial and Publishing Policy Resource

Note: this can be entered in RevMan 5 by using the reference type 'Other' and pasting the full reference in the 'English Title' field. Make sure to update the access date.

Example: Cochrane Editorial and Methods Department. Cochrane Editorial and Publishing Resource. community.cochrane.org/editorial-and-publishing-policy-resource (accessed on 9 May 2018).

Example: Cochrane Editorial and Methods Department. Permission to re-use material from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Cochrane Editorial and Publishing Resource (updated 18 June 2018). community.cochrane.org/editorial-and-publishing-policy-resource/cochrane-review-management/cochrane-peer-review-policy (accessed on 9 August 2018).

Cochrane Style Manual and Style Basics

See How to cite.

Section info
Contact
John Hilton (jhilton@cochrane.org)
Describe change
Added guidance on how to cite registered titles.
Change date
19 September 2019